Additional Information about the Montessori Program
- Maria Montessori: Her Life and Work by E. M. Standing (August 1998).
- Montessori Today: A Comprehensive Approach to Education from Birth to Adulthood by Paula P. Lillard (January 1996).
- Montessori from the Start : The Child at Home, from Birth to Age Three by Paula Polk Lillard and Lynn Lillard Jessen (July 2003)
- Montessori the Science Behind the Genius by Angeline Stoll Lillard, An Vu (Photographer), (2005)
- Maria Montessori: A Biography by Rita Kramer (1976)
- The North American Montessori Teacher’s Association
- The Association Montessori Internationale (AMI) http://www.montessori-ami.org/
- The American Montessori Society (AMS) was formed in 1960 to be the base for the Montessori movement in the USA. http://www.amshq.org/
APS Toileting Guidelines
Q. What does it mean to be “toilet trained”?
A. Acceptance into the Montessori Primary, VPI and Community Peer Programs (for 3-5 year olds) is for children who are toilet trained. The Office of Early Childhood understands that being toilet trained is a developmental skill that children reach at different ages and informs parents to select these preschool options only if their child is toilet trained.
The Montessori Primary, VPI and Community Peer Programs do not provide the staffing nor has the facilities to provide toilet training for children unless your child has an Individualized Education Plan, a Section 504 Plan or a Medical Care Plan that indicates specific accommodations for toileting.
A toilet trained child:
- Wears underwear during the day at school and at home
- Indicates the need to use the bathroom
- Uses the bathroom independently
- Can remove most clothes and put clothes back on as necessary.
Toileting accidents are expected as a rare occurrence. A child is not yet considered toilet trained for APS preschool programs if the child has 8 or more toileting accidents the first month of school.
Staff will determine whether a child is toilet trained based on the following criteria:
- A child’s awareness of the need to use the toilet
- The ability to independently remove clothing in advance of using the toilet
- The number of accidents that have occurred in the first month of school as outlined above
Toilet Training Resources for Families
Toilet Training Tips : Steps Towards Toileting Independence